Home Aktualitet REPORT OF THE INSTITUTE OF POLITICAL STUDIES (ON) THE POWER OF A POLITICAL PARTY: ILLUSTRATION TABLE 1991-2020

REPORT OF THE INSTITUTE OF POLITICAL STUDIES (ON) THE POWER OF A POLITICAL PARTY: ILLUSTRATION TABLE 1991-2020

nga Albina Hoxhaj

The Albanian Constitution (Article 1) stipulates that “governance is based on a system of free, equal, general and periodic elections” and “sovereignty in the Republic of Albania belongs to the people. The people exercise sovereignty through their representatives or directly “

Based on these principles in Albania since 1991 periodic parliamentary and local elections continue to take place.

In total we had 9 parliamentary elections, 8 local elections and three referendums. Since 1998 elections have alternated mainly every two years between local and parliamentary elections.

In spite of the large number of electoral processes, the concept of representation, the exercise of sovereignty, and governance under the Constitution has been and remains fragile, contentious, and generally distorted with the constitutional spirit.

This table illustrates the power exercised by a political party in Albania between 1991-2020 by calculating the percentage of power a party has in parliament and at the same time in local government.

The merging of the two levels of representation brings the table data, which is in sharp contrast to the percentage of votes won by the political parties that governed Albania.

For example, with about 1.2 million votes the PPSH in (Working Party of Albania) 1991 governed 82% of all representative power in the country, with the same number of votes theDemocratic Party governed in 1992 only 54% of the political power in the country because the 1992 local elections created a balance in representation.

In 1996 the Democratic Party exercised 70% of power due to absolute parliamentary control and local government separation after October 1996. After three decades with about 700-760 thousand votes the only party in the government, the Socialist Party, runs 90% of all political power in the country – thus, thedeclining number of votes for the winning party has led to a galloping increase in its central and local government, – a fundamental distortion of the principle of exercising sovereignty and governance in Article 1 of the Albanian Constitution.

The current 90% power of a party is legitimate as long as the opposition has voluntarily surrendered its parliamentary mandates and did not participate in local elections, yet the concept of Article 1 of the Constitution does not take into account only the formal side of sovereignty and governance, but also the substantive side of it.

And based on the spirit and principles of Article 1 of the Constitution, the current situation of exercising power remains abnormal, and the monopolization of power with 90% of the power by only 48% of the votes gained remains clearly a distortion of the promises / expectations of the 1990s, of theconstitutional principle as well as a threat to representative democracy and delegated civic sovereignty.

In every serious country, in every functioning political system,in every serious society with democratic formation, to every political elite with a common sense, responsibility and concept of democracy, to any power with elements of transparency and accountability – such balances and distorted abnormalities would constitute a solid basis for reflection and far-sighted political decision-making that embodies an integral respect for the principle of Article 1 of the Albanian Constitution.

Our today’s Albania, our political system, our parties, our political leaders, our power and our society, unfortunately are not only not there yet, but on the contrary, they are in reverence for the supremacy and deforming privileges emanating from it.

Lajme te ngjashme

error: Alert: Content is protected !!